Executive Summary

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The FASB version of the Leases project is expected to be issued within the next 2 weeks. The following is a brief summary of the proposed changes and transition plan for Lessee Accounting:

[/vc_column_text][dt_quote type=”pullquote” font_size=”big” background=”plain” animation=”right”]1. Timeline & Transition
2. Lease Classifications
3. Lease Term & Billed Leases
4. Variable Rents
5. Estimated Payments & Short Term Leases
6. Sale Leaseback Purchase Options[/dt_quote][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_single_image image=”7112″ border_color=”grey” img_link_target=”_self” img_size=”large”][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/1″][dt_gap height=”20″][vc_column_text]1. Timeline and Transition

  • IASB issued their version 1/13/16
  • FASB version to be issued by the months end, Feb 2016
  • Transition year for public companies is 2019 with comparative statements required – BS 2018 and 2019, P&L 2017, 2018, 2019
  • Transition year for private companies is 2020
  • Transition – FASB – book all operating lease going forward with reliefs available like not having to apply new definitions/changes to existing leases. IASB more complex.

[/vc_column_text][dt_gap height=”20″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”2/3″][vc_column_text]2. Lease Classifications

  • Capitalize all leases @ the PV of lease payments
  • FASB – maintain 2 lease model for Operating Leases and Finance Leases. Classification tests virtually the same as current GAAP with 90% and 75% bright lines still used to aid in judgement. The lease liability is a non-debt operating liability. The P&L cost is the straight line rent expense
  • IASB – all leases are Finance Leases

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The lease liability is a non-debt operating liability. The P&L cost is the straight line rent expense.

[/dt_quote][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/1″][vc_column_text]3. Lease Term and Billed Leases

  • Lease term = substantially the same as current GAAP definition, include renewals/POs only if reasonably certain of exercise.
  • Gross/bundled billed leases – both lessees and lessor separate lease and non-lease components – non-lease components accounted for on cash basis.

[/vc_column_text][dt_gap height=”20″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”2/3″][vc_column_text]4. Variable Rents

  • Variable rents based on a rate (i.e., Libor) or an index (i.e., CPI) are booked based on spot rates with adjustments booked when the rate changes contractual lease payments (FASB requires adjustments only when the lease is modified or other lessee actions cause the lease to be rebooked like incurring significant leasehold improvement costs making a renewal compelling).
  • Variable rents based on usage or lessee performance (e.g., sales) not booked unless a tool to avoid capitalization (disguised minimum lease payment).

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FASB requires adjustments only when the lease is modified or other lessee actions cause the lease to be rebooked.

[/dt_quote][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/1″][dt_gap height=”20″][vc_column_text]5. Estimated Payments and Short Term Leases

  • Estimated payments under residual guarantees are booked with review and adjustment at each reporting date.
  • Short-term leases (12 months or less) – can elect to use operating lease method. For IASB only there is a small item exemption ($5,000 cost or less)
  • IDC includes only costs directly attributable to negotiating and arranging a lease that would not have been incurred if the lease had not been obtained. Excludes overhead allocations but can include sales staff commissions.

[/vc_column_text][dt_gap height=”20″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/1″][vc_column_text]6. Sale Leaseback Purchase Options

  • Sale leaseback with a PO not a sale unless PO is at FMV and asset is not specialized. For fixed POs, the transaction is accounted for as a loan for both lessee and lessor.

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Article reprinted with permission from Bill Bosco[/vc_column_text][dt_gap height=”20″][/vc_column][/vc_row]

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